It is easy to grow with a nice oblong shape and attractive fall color. 'Autumn Cascades' - Specialty nurseries are beginning to produce this new, strongly weeping form that shows good fall color. The branches usually grow at right angles from the trunk. nearly full sunlight for optimum early growth. Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. A majestic tree from North America with beautiful, leathery leaves that turn a stunning orange and red in the Autumn. Other common names of this tree are Black Gum and Sour Gum. While it's mostly cosmetic, it can make the tree more attractive to other pests and diseases. Is self-fertile but requires wind for pollination. In forests and plantations, the tree may reach 150' tall with a well formed trunk and lower limbs self pruned from « to 2/3 the distance from the ground. The flowers are small, with a creamy colour but the edible raw or processed dark blue fruits have an ornamental value. Designed by Gil Carolino, Be the first to review “Nyssa sylvatica ‘Green Gable’ – Black Gum or Tupelo”. Growth Rate: Moderate to fast: Mature Height: 40 to 45 ft. Conical or Rounded Shape. Required fields are marked *. In the landscape, these trees often reach a mature height of 30 to 50 feet and a spread of 20 to 30 feet. Soil Type: Likes soils that get consistently wet, but don't stay permanently wet. Black Gum is a medium to large-sized native tree, frequently 60 to 80 ft tall and 3 to 4 ft in diameter. The black walnut grows to a height of 50–75' and a spread of 50–75' at maturity. Tupelo can be grown on any good soil and neutral pH. Fully hardy in Britain, it can be grown in a pot and tolerates atmospheric pollution. Black tupelo grows up to 20 – 25 meters (66 – 82 ft) tall and has a trunk diameter of 50 – 100 cm. of red a year. A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. Mature Spread: The Black Tupelo (Black Gum) has a spread of about 20' - 30' at full maturity. This native tree has been called our best friend in times of war and peace. Growth Rate: 12 to 24 Inches per Year. SKU: 04505 $24.99 For each offer ordered, get 1 bareroot SOUR GUM, TUPELO, PEPPERIDGE, BLACK GUM, BLACK TUPELO, WATER TUPELO, BLACKGUM. A native to the eastern United States the Black Tupelo, also known as Black Gum, grows 30 to 50 ft. tall. Black tupelo leaves turn red and purple in the fall. Has Deciduous foliage. Full sun is the ideal condition for this tree, meaning it should get at least six hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. Names. Pruning: You can prune your tree in the winter if you like. A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. Black walnut tree roots contain juglone, a toxic substance released when the the roots of other juglone-sensitive species come in contact with walnut roots. The hard to crack shell encases a rich flavored nut. These trees have moderate growth rate and longevity and are an excellent food source for wildlife, fine honey trees, and handsome ornamentals. This red color holds up well in the heat - even extreme heat of 100+ temps. Height: 30 - 50 feet. Brilliant Red Leaves, Even in Spring Why Wildfire Black Gum Trees? Erect or Spreading with a High Canopy. A partial list includes tomatoes, potatoes, peas, peppers, cabbage, alfalfa, serviceberry, chestnut, pine, arborvitae, apples, blueberry, blackberry, cherry, azalea, rhododendron, lilac, hydrangea, privet, members of the heath family. As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees. Rarely reaches 100 feet in the wild. Landscape Characteristics: Pyramidal, near perfect silhouette. The closely related water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) is a tree most often seen growing in standing water in swamps and bottomlands in the lower Mississippi valley and southeastern U.S. coastal areas, either in pure stands or in combination with bald cypress, water oaks and swamp cottonwoods. You might be used to the fiery autumnal colors that Black Gums are famous for, but the Wildfire Black Gum Tree doesn't just bring those colors to the fall. It prefers deep, moist, well-drained soils, but is adaptable to other soils. Young trees tend to be somewhat pyramidal in shape and eventually may form a conical or oval-shaped crown as they mature. When grown in the open, the black walnut reaches 75' tall with a round, low branching, open crown that spreads nearly as wide as it is tall. View Map. biflora - Called the "Swamp Tupelo", this 50' tree is naturally found in swampy areas and is adapted to poorly drained garden situations. Seeds are drilled at the rate of 15 per ft of row and covered with ½ - 1 inch of soil. The blazing red new growth of Wildfire Tupelo lights up with two long flushes (long in length and duration!) Growth Rate: This Black Gum tree grows at a slow to medium growth rate. Sometimes commonly called black tupelo. Growth rate is slow to medium. A variety of Black Tupelo, Nyssa sylvatica biflora (Swamp Tupelo), is very similar to the typical variety that is described here. Tree Characteristics. Comments: Black Tupelo is showiest during the autumn when its leaves assume brilliant colors and some of its fruit is still hanging on the tree. The nuts are eaten by woodpeckers, foxes and squirrels. Bark: It has … The black walnut's poison does not work on all species and some even seem to thrive on it. To showcase Wildfire’s new growth, avoid planting the tree among or in front of dark-colored objects or trees. The black tupelo grows to a height of 30–50' and a spread of 20–30' at maturity. Lovely native tree for any location. Tolerates wet locations, drought & salty air. In forests and plantations, the tree may reach 150' tall with a well formed trunk and lower limbs self pruned from « to 2/3 the distance from the ground. Rarely reaches 100 feet in the wild. When combined with the several other tupelo species, these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers. Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. The species' common name, tupelo, is of Native American origin, coming from the Creek words ito "tree" and opilwa "swamp"; it was in use by the mid-18th century.. As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. We have been impressed with the early returns of this new Tupelo. You must keep a wide separation between the black walnut tree and susceptible plants. However, the crushed black walnut shells can stain fingers, clothing, and concrete. Your email address will not be published. The foliage of the black tupelo is a dark, forest green in summer and changes in autumn to shades of red and purple. Hardy and resilient, Black Tupelo tolerates urban soil environments quite well provided the PH is not too high. Pre-chilled seeds must be sown in spring. Also called sour gum, tupelo or black tupelo, the black gum tree (Nyssa sylvatica) comes from the eastern U.S. and grows best in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 9. When the plant is young, it has a pyramidal shape, and it becomes more oval as the tree grows. Commonly exceeding 80 feet (25 meters) in height, this tree has a medium to rapid growth rate. Width: 20 - 30 feet. Plant more than one tree to ensure a better crop. This tree grows at a medium rate, with height increases of 13–24" per year. The trees bear in 12-15 years. Flower and fruit: Flowers are small and insignificant. The Black Tupelo (Black Gum) grows to be 30' - 50' feet in height. Raised leaf spots appear on the leaves and begin to discolor and drop off. Afterburner® Black Tupelo is a medium-sized shade tree which can be used anywhere in the landscape. Nyssa sylvatica is a shade tree with shining dark green summer foliage, excellent autumn color, abundant fruits (on appropriate flowering forms) that attract wildlife, and a picturesque growth habit with blocky ornamental bark at maturity. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet. Yields a ripened nut crop in early to mid-autumn. A mulch of sawdust is often used. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Plant Type: Deciduous broadleaf large tree, Habit: Upright pyramidal; uniform branching, Foliage: Green leaves; bright red in fall, Requirements: Adapts to most moist soil types; full sun. Diameter growth on medium sites where the tree has good stand position may reach 10 to 20 cm (4 to 5 in) in 10 years. Tree size: This slow-growing tree attains a height of 30 to 50 feet and a width of 20 to 30 feet. It develops a deep taproot and is difficult to transplant. Black Tupelo is a native shade tree that is underutilized in landscapes, Native Americans and early settlers used it for food, dyes, ink, medicine, fence posts, gun stocks and furniture. But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortu- nately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesir- able. (Partally self-fertile, plant multiple trees to ensure pollination) (zones 4-9) Alleopathy is the term given to the suppression of growth of one plant species by another due to the release of toxic substances. Growth Rate This tree grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year. Longevity Greater than 150 years. Still others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge. Residential, commercial & coastal landscapes. Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. Fertilizing: You don’t need to fertilize your tree, but as it matures, you may want to increase its growth and production. Features pinnately compound, alternate leaves that are 12–24" in length and consist of 15–23 dark green leaflets that are 2–5" long. Black Tupelo grows 40'-50' high and 20'-30' wide. The black walnut grows in in acidic, alkaline, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, well-drained, wet and clay soils. Tupelo lesion happens when the Fusarium solani fungus attacks, resulting in the bark swelling up and becoming rough. The black walnut can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 4–9. 4. My new variety of black tupelo tree is characterized by its central dominant leader, conical habit, dense foliage, making the tree difficult to see through when foliage is present, and fast growth rate. Can be toxic to certain trees and plants--such as serviceberries, chestnuts, pines, arborvitae, apples, cherries, tomatoes, potatoes, peas, peppers, cabbages, alfalfa, blueberries, blackberries, azaleas, rhododendron, lilacs, hydrangeas, privets and plants in the heath family--if planted too close. Nyssa sylvatica 's genus name, Nyssa, refers to a Greek water nymph; the species epithet sylvatica refers to its woodland habitat.. When grown in the open, the black walnut reaches 75' tall with a round, low branching, open crown that spreads nearly as wide as it is tall. Blackgum or Black Tupelo is a native deciduous tree that grows throughout North Carolina and can reach 50 to 80 feet tall, but typically reaches 20 to 30 feet in cultivation. Growth and Yield-Black tupelo can achieve heights of 36 in (120 ft) and diameters up to 122 cm (48 in) at breast height on the most favorable sites. 3. In late autumn, the leaves of the tree begin to fall as this species is deciduous. 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