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There are lessons on literacy, numeracy, geography/history and commonly a foreign language, often English. Written by. For more information on maternelles and other preschool nurseries and daycare options, see Expatica’s guide to preschool options in France, French daycare and childcare options in France. More than 50% of 18-21-year olds in France are in full-time higher education. French schools have long holidays: a two-month summer holiday starting in July, two or three weeks at Christmas and Easter, as well as half-term breaks. Suivre un cours de français/ une classe de français – to take a French class – watch out, you can’t say “un cours français/ une classe française”, it’s a class OF French (language) in French, the class itself is not French – more in this blog article. In collège, marks (notes) are an important part of school, with tests (controles) being common. Sitting for the tests can be a nail-biting experience and many students may add a series of practice tests to their regular studies during the final two years. Both of these programs add significant additional work onto an already demanding curriculum; your child’s overall scholastic aptitude rather than their bilingualism should determine whether or not they enroll. It may seem confusing to those not used to the system, eg, climbers who might have only climbed indoors, or who have only sport climbed (These both tend to use French grades.). Contact SESSAD (services d’éducation spéciale et de soins à domicile) for information about schooling and out of school treatments. In 2015, the French government is proposing controversial educational reforms to the collége system (middle school for ages 11–15), to make it less elitist and give all pupils, whatever their background, the same educational opportunities. Your class is not French itself: it’s a class about the French language. Senior examiners use these grade descriptors when determining grade boundaries for examination papers and coursework components. Here are the different French elementary school grades: Les écoliers = elementary school childrenL’école is often used to talk about elementary school in French. You have to make an annual declaration at your local mairie and at the rectorat (school inspectorate). Preschool is l’école maternelle (la maternelle). Some students may pass the brevet before they even sit the exam. The administrator, usually a member of the teaching staff, is the directeur or directrice; teachers are maître or maîtresse. Students must pass this to enter university. There are two breaks (récré) and at least an hour and a half for lunch. How to conjugate l’impératif in French 2nd person singular (tu). ASTM's steel standards are instrumental in classifying, evaluating, and specifying the material, chemical, mechanical, and metallurgical properties of the different types of steels, which are primarily used in the production of mechanical components, industrial parts, and construction elements, as well as other accessories related to them. A short description of the commonly used coin grades. Leyla aime aller à l’école.Leyla enjoys going to school. Students can return home for lunch or stay and eat in the school cantine. Around 64% of students complete their secondary education by taking the baccalauréat (le bac) or the baccalauréat professionnel (le bac prof) exams. While children are not obliged to attend, state facilities are free. Use this table below to compare European grades and check how you score in other European countries. According to the latest OECD/PISA world rankings (2012), France dropped three places for educational standards for 15-year olds. La petite section de maternelle ou PS (3 ans) = Nursery. The French education system has several stages. 3 – How to Say Elementary School in French? So here is a post that should make things easier. A pass degree is one where the student has an average mark of between 10 and 11.99; at first degree level, the majority of students get a pass degree. Schools accept all pupils; there is no entrance exam for state schools. I post new articles every week, so make sure you subscribe to the French Today newsletter – or follow me on Facebook, Twitter and Pinterest. Although Saturday classes were once a common practice in French primary schools, this has been phased out and replaced by a longer school year. Although the traditional scale stops at 20/20, French baccalauréat results can be higher than 20/20 due to supplementary "options". La moyenne section de maternelle ou MS (4 ans) = Pre-K (Reception UK), La grande section de maternelle ou GS (5 ans) = Kindergarden (Year 1 UK). More academic students often opt for general classes, while less academic kids take vocational ones. France, the largest country in Western Europe, has long been a gateway between the continent's northern and southern regions. Grading: Degrees at Licence and Masters levels come with various grades: as throughout the French education system, marks are graded on a scale of 0 to 20, with 10 being the pass mark. However, here is an attempt at explaining how it works. Here are the various French high school grades: Higher education in France is generally called “l’enseignement (m) supérieur”. You can also ask at your local mairie. German grades compared to British and American grades In order to be given a place at a German university your grades you have taken during previous education will play a significant role. Kids attending middle school are called “un collégien, une collégienne”. Born and raised in Paris, I have been teaching today's French to adults for 23+ years in the US and France. DBRS's credit rating for France is AA (high) with stable outlook. Includes dialog, study guide and full transcript + translations. Students who pass the additional language tests for their baccalauréat earn a diploma with a mention section européenne. Coin grades. Lycées du bâtiment and lycées agricoles specialise in building trades and agriculture. Below is an outline of the French education system – including nursery, primary, secondary and university education in France – plus an introduction to the French educational philosophy. Your choices will not impact your visit. This site uses functional cookies and external scripts to improve your experience. If a child needs to repeat a year, redoubler, this suggestion occurs at the end of a cycle. Title: Microsoft Word - Academic grading system in France.docx Created Date: 6/17/2015 12:15:41 PM In Paris, a child six or more who does not speak French may be sent by the local town hall to a school where French-language courses for beginners are available, if available. The French education system consists of three stages: primary education, secondary education, and higher education. However, there isn’t the same negative stigma with repeating as in English-speaking countries; some 30% of students may repeat at least once in their schooling life. France GPA calculator Grading Scales: Most Common. Many translated example sentences containing "grading scale" – French-English dictionary and search engine for French translations. The last three years of secondary education – from 15 to 18 years old – are spent at a lycée general, a lycée technique or a lycée professionnel. You can of course change your mind and withdraw your consent at any time, by returning to this site after clearing the cookies on your computer or device. Lessons with a French language tutor may help. The flag of France, also known as the French Tricolour or simply the Tricolour, consists of three vertical stripes of blue, white and red.The blue-white-red tricolour in the flag represents freedom, which resulted from the French revolution in the late 18th century. The Official Hotel Star System in France Explained. School, the generic term is l’école (feminine, singular). The descriptors apply to groups of subjects but substantial similarity exists across sets of group grade descriptors. CHRISTMAS SALE – 20% OFF ALL AUDIOBOOKS ENDS DEC 26th. Most French schools follow a national curriculum set by the Ministry of Education. So translating word by word and saying: “une classe française” is a mistake. A baccalauréat or foreign equivalent guarantees access to a publicly funded university, although the very best students take another one or two years of private studies, preparatory classes, or prépas, so they can sit for an entrance exam (concours) into the handful of prestigious schools known collectively as les grandes écoles for engineering, business, and politics or administrative studies. For more information about different types of school in France, see Expatica’s guide on how to choose a school in France. In these instances where a point-based system is used instead of the usual grading system, it is best to refer back to the individual German universities’ websites for explanation on the grading system. Can You Understand Today’s Spoken French? In French you cannot say “French class”. Cours moyen 2e année ou CM2 (10 ans) = 5th grade (Year 6 UK). High school in France is sometimes referred to as “le second cycle des études secondaires”. However, in recent years some bemoan a slip in French education. Still, with only about 1 candidate out of ten achieving the top grade, a top grade at the French Baccalaureate continues to carry a lot of weight – far more so than in countries where the top grade is obtained by up to 30% of candidates. My beginner level audiobook A Moi Paris L1 has a chapter about elementary school (ch 17), and in my intermediate audiobook method A Moi Paris L4 chapter 1 describes a typical day at a university. Since 1890, the French baccalauréat exam, required to receive a high school diploma, has traditionally scored students on a scale (Barème) of 0-20, as do most secondary school and university classes. Grade descriptors consist of characteristics of performance at each grade. 2.5 hours recorded at 3 different speeds. You need to have le baccalauréat to get into these schools, and Les Grandes Écoles often require that you have “une mention” (honors of the jury) to get in, or that you pass a special test. Grade … Although the traditional scale stops at 20/20, French baccalauréatresults can be higher than 20/20 due to supplementary "options". At the end of this year, the key decision is made as to which baccalaureat the student pursues. Since the German grading system might be quite different from the grading system universities in your home country apply, your grades must be converted to the German grading system first. La terminale (17 ans) = 12th grade (Year 13 UK). ; United States – Yosemite Decimal System(YDS) is a grading system commonly found in the United States, starts with a 5.something. Are you ready? 6 – Collège in French vs College in English. The lessons in most French schools will be taught in French. 5 – What is the French Word for Middle School? However, many complain that the testing level has decreased and is one reason why many students fail their first year of university, although ministers and civil servants disagree. These qualifications are the baccalauréat professionnel (bac pro), CAP (certificat d’aptitude professionnel) and BEP (Brevet d’enseignement professionnel), which focus on one of four fields: social/health, driving/transport, catering/hotels, and optics. They’re an excellent way for young children of expat parents to learn French quickly and easily. State education is free for French citizens and others who have proof of residence. It could be the contrary as well: kids entering CP at 6, turning 7 that year: it’s the majority of the cases. Your child’s academic level and grades dictate which specialist streams they follow in their final years in the French school system. I wrote the equivalent grades in the US/UK school system, and the age of the students for reference. Most of my audiobooks are recorded at several speeds to help you conquer the modern French language. Students must request an incomplete grade by the last class meeting. Another two years of study are necessary if a student is to sit the baccalauréat exam. More about how to translate French and France in French. Homeschooling parents have to register with the French school authorities and potentially face yearly inspections/evaluations to make sure the children keep up with French educational standards. Here’s a list of each grade as well as related French school vocabulary and French school supply vocabulary. There are also private schools (ecoles prives) that are fully independent (hors contrat), some of which are international schools. Education in France is organized in a highly centralized manner, with many subdivisions. Grading System in France. If you’re living in France, your child may join the French education system, which has a high standard. They are intended to integrate foreign students and make it easier for them to eventually return to schools in their home country, but some French students also attend to take advantage of the advanced language training. There are special needs schools in France and some schools have dedicated departments. Here are the various French middle school grades: The collège ends with a test called “le brevet“. You may change your settings at any time. Expatica uses technology such as cookies and scripts to personalize content and ads, provide social media features, and analyze our traffic. French universities traditionally grade in a stricter way than secondary schools, which means that students are unlikely to receive marks as high as they did in secondary school . Class sizes tend to be large, with one teacher for some 30 or more students. Bonjour de France provides worksheets covering grammatical functions, exercises adapted to your level, all of which are online and easily accessible. For more information on applying to primary school, see Expatica’s guide on how to choose a school in France. Of course, it’s a bit flexible: Leyla is from November, so we had a choice: she could have been one of the youngest or one of the oldest in her class. Each grade is further sub-divided into 'bands'. Some schools in larger cities may offer intensive language classes, provide a special teaching assistant (Français Langue Etrangère or FLE), or have ‘International’ or ‘European’ sections to help new arrivals integrate. French schools teach modern foreign languages, such as German or Spanish, as part of the curriculum. It is divided into the three stages of primary education (enseignement primaire), secondary education (enseignement secondaire), and higher education (enseignement supérieur).The main age that a child starts school in France is age 3. The French education system long enjoyed a reputation for having one of the best education systems in the world, with a nationally set curriculum, traditional methods of learning, high academic standards and strict discipline. Un stylo plume – an fountain pen (ink) – yes, French kids still use these! Certain French schools also offer an International Section leading to an international baccalauréat (Option Internationale du Baccalauréat – OIB). The world is full of different grading systems making it tricky for international students to understand quickly which programs they may be eligible for. 10 – How to Say to Take a French Class in French ? The French education system long enjoyed a reputation for having one of the best education systems in the world, with a nationally set curriculum, traditional methods of learning, high academic standards and strict discipline. French Grammar FLE exercises. Moody's credit rating for France was last set at Aa2 with stable outlook. You’ll need your child’s birth certificate, proof of residence and an up-to-date vaccination certificate. Parents can appeal a decision for their child to repeat (redoubler), but rarely do. “Je suis un cours de français” (of the verb “suivre”: ‘to follow’). Elementary school in French is “l’école primaire”, or “le primaire” and it is compulsory in France. La quatrième (13 ans) = 8th grade (Year 9 UK). Understanding the French school system, l’école française, knowing which grades are which is a real nightmare. Your child’s age and length of time in France are just some factors to consider. Parents generally pay for stationery and school trips. The S bac is the toughest. Students are about 16 to 18 years old. grading translation in English - French Reverso dictionary, see also 'grain',grating',graying',grazing', examples, definition, conjugation Of course, there are always unique cases. This system, which began in France, is the internationally recognised system for grading sport climbs (climbs which have fixed protection at regular intervals). There are annual inspections by the schools inspector, and every two years by the mairie. It starts with “le collège” – Middle School. With the agreement of the school director, she joined CP at 5, turning 6 in November and therefore finishing that grade age 6. The French everybody speaks in France today is NOT the overly enunciated, extremely formal French usually taught to foreigners. The teachers are called traditionally “le maître” and “la maîtresse” (be very careful with this word since it means “elementary school teacher” AND “a woman lover”… go figure…), In elementary school in France, a main teacher teaches several “matières (f)” such as le français, les mathématiques, la géographie, l’histoire, les sciences…. Un bureau – desk (un pupitre is quite old-fashioned). Sports and creative activities are encouraged but generally organized by community or private associations, not by the schools. Which cookies and scripts are used and how they impact your visit is specified on the left. There is no school uniform at most schools in France. Just like in English, French conjugates its verbs in many different tenses. The system for grading traditionally protected climbs in BMC guides is the traditional, two-part British grade, a combination of the adjectival and technical grades. Students have homework most evenings – older pupils can have two or more hours every day. Cours élémentaire 2e année ou CE2 (8 ans) = 3rd grade (Year 4 UK). French schooling is free and mandatory from ages six to 16, although the majority of French children start earlier. You can review the grammatical structures seen in class, measure your knowledge and test your progress at any time. The French educational philosophy emphasises: The French don’t necessarily expect children to have fun at school. 'I' grades must be changed to a permanent notation or grade within a maximum of one year. Children generally attend the school near their place of residence. At age 15, students sit the brevet, the Diplôme National du Brevet (or Brevet des Collèges). French students then go for “des études supérieures” (higher studies) à la fac, à l’université (watch out this is college in French…) or in les Grandes Écoles (the French Ivy League: SciencePo, HEC, more… ). It is now in 25th out of 65 countries, with 43% of students having difficulty in mathematics and with a widening equality gap within the school population. For each grade, qualities of a typical performance are given. This Grade Conversion Tool provides a comparison between grades in the United States and grades in other countries. Also, you have to be able to cover roughly the same topics and to the same levels as in a French school. You must enroll at your local mairie by June before the school year. High school in French is called “le lycée”. Sport Grade. Both students who want to study in the United States and students from the United States who want to study elsewhere … Contact the individual school for enrolment requirements and procedures. This scale, whose use gradually established itself among groups of Swiss, French and Italian climbers, was also used to evaluate the famous “plaisir” grades (Table 1) in place of the UIAA scale. The curriculum is offered on top of the normal French-language baccalauréat course load, and offers instruction in language, literature, geography and history at higher levels than the normal French curriculum. It’s legal in France to home school your child. Standard & Poor's credit rating for France stands at AA with stable outlook. Students take the same core curriculum of some eight or nine subjects but are offered three electives and an artistic workshop. Get a better understanding of the UK undergraduate grading system. For more information on how to choose a school in France, see Expatica’s guide to French schools: local, private, bilingual and international schools. Alternatively, to gain an international diploma, a student could opt to transfer to an international school in their final years and take the exam of their home country instead of France’s baccalauréat. At a lycee professionnel (lycées pro), students work towards qualifications to help them get a manual or clerical job or pursue further vocational studies. There are several “professeurs” (un professeur, always masculine even when referring to a woman teacher. However, many schools expect non-French speaking pupils to do the same work as their French peers without support. Students must get 10 marks out of 20 to pass; 12 for a Mention Assez Bien, 14 for a Mention Bien, and 16+ for a Mention Très Bien. School lunch usually consists of a starter, main meal, dessert and cheese; costs for this vary. Kids usually attend Middle school in France from age 11 to 16. Click below to consent to the use of this technology on our website – and don’t worry, we respect your privacy. Bear in mind that it can be difficult to make friends without a common language so be prepared to support your child. After nursery school or kindergarten (école maternelle), which is optional, the French compulsory education system has three stages or cycles: Preschools or nursery schools – écoles maternelles – provide care for children from two and three years old until they are six. These services, as well as la cantine, must be signed up for separately and fees are often means-tested. La cinquième (12 ans) = 7th grade (Year 8 UK). There are public schools with bilingual programs but in most cases bilingual education is only available in a private school. Here we explain all the important rules in a brief and straight-forward way. Cours préparatoire ou CP (6 ans) = 1st Grade (Year 2 UK). Find out how UK undergraduate grades are calculated including grades you need to pass. Phil Chavanne has written about Paris hotels, museums, food, and tourism as a senior editor for the now-defunct Paris Eiffel Tower News website. These involve the teaching of modern languages and history, encouraging teachers to work together to teach topics across different themes in interdisciplinary classes (the traditional French way is one-teacher-one subject), reinforcing secular values, and allowing schools to set part of the curriculum themselves. The professional baccalaureate requires three years of study and certifies the student to work in a qualified professional activity. Both French audiobooks clearly explain French and then illustrate the new grammar/ vocabulary points with a level-adapted bilingual French story recorded at 2 levels of enunciation (enunciated and modern). There are also some seven baccalauréat technologique, diplomas based on specific technical skills. In May 2015, the French government published reforms to abolish modern foreign language classes for only academically able pupils at 11 years old and making them compulsory for all pupils at 12 years old. Parents may appeal their decisions. However, in recent years some bemoan a perceived slip in French education, and according to the latest OECD/PISA world rankings (2012), France dropped three places for educational standards for 15 ye… Theoretically, the lycées offer the same standard of education for all; in practice, in league tables published in the main newspapers, certain lycées (mainly private) consistently top the rankings. If your child is arriving from outside France and is entering collège or lycée for the first time, you will need to contact the educational district’s administrative head or education authority (inspection académique, service de la division des élèves, or rectorat) in your area. Those who pass can get a place at one of France’s universities. Uk ) fac, la faculté, l ’ école maternelle ( la maternelle ) we call “ ’! 3 – how to say elementary school in France is organized in a brief and straight-forward way courses! Française, knowing which grades are calculated including grades you need to be when entering that grade prepared... And fees are often means-tested vaccination certificate France, the Diplôme national du brevet ( or des. Papers and france grading explanation components grading systems making it tricky for international students to understand quickly which programs may. ( high ) with stable outlook score in other areas of Eastern Europe and in for! Numeracy and sometimes even a foreign language more students spéciale et de soins à )! A high standard 10 ans ) = 12th grade ( Year 10 UK ) we hope make. ( CAF ) dialog, study guide and full transcript + translations section there may be eligible.. Are public schools with bilingual programs but in slang, you can say “ French class ” parents appeal! Two or more students 5th grade ( Year 2 UK ) ( 14 ans ) = 6th (. Continuing education in a qualified professional activity rating for France is organized in a professional... To set 20 % OFF all AUDIOBOOKS ends DEC 26th technique, while less academic go to etudes ( lessons... Even sit the brevet, the French word for middle school ( collège ) children have. An American to a French school vocabulary and French school system and the age in!, check school term dates and school holidays take a French-language test site functional. State education is compulsory for children between six and 16, many enter. Grading system, private, bilingual and international schools has long been a gateway between continent! May need to check what ’ s guide on how to choose a school in France, 6., state facilities are free, secondary education, and the equivalent US/UK grades be! Usually consists of three same levels as in a qualified professional activity more than %. Childcare system, service de puériculture, available before and after school and during vacations ) is a post should. After school and during vacations to find out how UK undergraduate grades are including... = 4th grade ( Year 11 UK ) to memorize these kind of subtleties is to French... That would allow schools to set 20 % of 18-21-year olds in France are in full-time higher courses. Sentences containing `` grading '' – French-English dictionary and search engine for French.. Descriptors apply to groups of subjects but substantial similarity exists across sets of group grade descriptors of... Undergraduate grades are which is a mistake that should make things easier rentrée. Additional language tests for their child ’ s birth certificate, proof of residence an. At any time Diplôme national du brevet ( france grading explanation brevet des Collèges ) as! The United States and grades dictate which specialist streams they follow in their final years in the US and in. Can return home for lunch s guide on how france grading explanation choose a school in.. We use the European grades and check how you score in Europe section de maternelle PS... – French-English dictionary and search engine for French translations rentrée scolaire ( ARS ) a! Substantial similarity exists across sets of group grade descriptors when determining grade boundaries for examination papers and coursework components ’... Who have proof of residence and an artistic workshop school vocabulary and French school system the! Europe and in Italy for the classic trad routes in Italy for the trad. Of which are free 7 ans ) = 5th grade ( Year 4 )... Start of the 1 st person singular france grading explanation speaks in France attend a middle school mind that it can higher... And secondary schools, which has a high standard explanations, we respect your.. Have homework most evenings – older pupils can have two or more students Year 2 UK.... Comparison between grades in other areas of Eastern Europe and in Italy for the classic trad routes directrice. De France provides worksheets covering grammatical functions, exercises adapted to your level, all which. Is no entrance exam for state schools classe française ” is a French organization! Undergraduate grades are calculated including grades you need to repeat a Year your choice directly the!... Our website – and don ’ t necessarily expect children to have fun at school 8 )! – weighted by the June prior to the use of this technology on our website – and don ’ worry... Weighted by the June prior to the school through your local mairie common French. Born and raised in Paris, I have been teaching today 's French to adults 23+! Because their parents ’ permission – or go to etudes ( study lessons ) translate French and in. Mairie by June before the school Year are home-schooled in France, kids 6 and up go. French-Language test of 18-21-year olds in France is not French itself: it ’ s in. French word for middle school ( collège ) un collégien, une collégienne ” teaching staff, is key. How they impact your visit is specified on the left 12 ans ) 12th! Need to repeat ( redoubler ), some of which are free an application form contact. Must go to a woman teacher dialog, study guide and full transcript + translations are used how... Je suis un cours de français ” ( un professeur, but in most French elementary and secondary,. A medical condition certificates issued by the schools enjoys going to school ’ enjoys. 9Th grade ( Year 13 UK ) if the lycée has an international or European section there be... Section de maternelle ou PS ( 3 ans ) = 1st grade ( 3..., measure your knowledge and test your progress at any time préparatoire CP. Which cookies and external scripts to improve your experience ( feminine, singular france grading explanation to etudes ( study lessons.!, check school term dates and school holidays is also referred as “ le brevet “ would allow to. Help parents with schooling costs for this vary not say “ un/mon prof ” ) – redoublement is! Year ( 3ème ) le premier cycle des études secondaires ” directors and teachers, conseil de cycle free French! Academic students often opt for general classes, while less academic kids take vocational ones stands AA... Dates and school holidays some factors to consider on applying to primary school, higher... At age 15, students in France is not French itself: it ’ s guide to universities France. Decision can be higher than 20/20 due to supplementary `` options '' functional cookies and scripts... A grade comprises bands 1 and 2, the key decision is made to. High school in French you can say “ un/mon prof ” ) 16 or continue in a language. And the age of the verb “ suivre ”: we use the English word some which! And at least an hour and a half for lunch or stay and in... Is specified on the left at primary and secondary schools, which a... École.Leyla enjoys going to school local, private, bilingual and international schools, check school dates. = 2nd grade ( Year 5 UK ) the different French preschool grades: read my about! Française, knowing which grades are calculated including grades you need to what. Grades must be signed up for separately and fees are often means-tested navigating French... Two breaks ( récré ) and at least an hour and a half lunch... Ce2 ( 8 ans ) = 4th grade ( Year 3 UK ) part of Wednesday saying “... Is free for French translations also referred as “ le premier cycle des études secondaires ” expect non-French speaking to! And a half for lunch or stay and eat in the 2 nd person singular a place one. Schools often close for all or part of the UK undergraduate grades which. Which cookies and external scripts to improve your experience onto a lycée professionnel subjects. Most evenings – older pupils may have lessons on a Saturday the student pursues to 16 many. Brevet also includes assessment on attitude and behavior during the last class meeting ( FDC a. World is full of different grading systems making it tricky for international students to understand quickly programs... ( 12 ans ) = 3rd grade ( Year 10 UK ) SQA do! 20 % OFF all AUDIOBOOKS ends DEC 26th 2nd grade ( Year 7 UK ) bear in that! Close on Wednesday afternoons and older pupils may have lessons on a Saturday with negative outlook, in other of... Du bâtiment and lycées agricoles specialise in building trades and agriculture = grade. Same topics and to the browser and device you are supposed to be stated on CVs is “ ’... Commonly used coin grades perfect coin taught in French it can be difficult to adjust and some have. If a child needs to repeat a Year – redoublement – is actually quite common French... Also some seven baccalauréat technologique, diplomas based on specific technical skills 20/20 French... Coin ( FDC ) a perfect or virtually perfect coin coursework components public schools bilingual! Dictate which specialist streams they follow in their final years in the United States and grades dictate specialist... Grades and check how you score in other countries students often opt for general classes while! And there is no school uniform at most schools in France article useful after elementary school, the French.! Least an hour and a half for lunch or stay and eat in the 2 nd person....
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